Lambing Flat Riots

/ˌlæmɪŋ ˈflæt/ (say .laming 'flat)

plural noun
violent anti-Chinese demonstrations during 1860–61 on the Lambing Flat goldfields near the present-day site of Young, NSW.
The Lambing Flat Riots were a series of anti-Chinese clashes on the Burrangong goldfield near Young, NSW. Racial prejudice, aggravated by economic competition, provoked the diggers into demonstrations (`roll-ups') aimed at driving the Chinese from the field. Riots occurred in November and December 1860 and on 27 January, 17 February and 18 June 1861, and culminated in a violent attack on 30 June by 3000 diggers, during which Chinese were beaten and their encampments destroyed, though contrary to common belief none was known to have been killed. Tensions were reduced by the discovery of new fields, the departure of many Chinese and the passing of the Chinese immigration restriction bill in November 1861.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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